Few things make people scream and jump more than a mouse or rat racing across the floor at home or in a business. For the record, mice and rats are both rodents, meaning they belong to the order Rodentia. They are small, typically furry animals that are characterized by their sharp incisors, which never stop growing.
Mice are smaller than rats, typically measuring about 2 to 4 inches in length (not including the tail) and weighing about 0.5 to 1.5 ounces. They have pointed noses, small ears, and long, thin tails. They are found all over the world and are often considered pests, as they can cause damage to crops and carry diseases.
Rats are larger than mice, typically measuring about 9 to 11 inches in length (not including the tail) and weighing about 7 to 20 ounces. They have blunt noses, larger ears, and long, scaly tails. There are several different species of rats, including the black rat, the brown rat, and the Norway rat, and they are also found all over the world. Like mice, rats can also be considered pests and can carry diseases that can be harmful to humans.
Roof rats are commonly found in your roof, but they do forge down into your home and business. Norway rats are, for the most part, the rats that populate cities. If you have ever lived next door to an excavation or demolition site in a city, you probably know these little guys all too well.
Mice and rats can definitely be harmful in certain situations. While these animals are generally not dangerous to humans, they can carry diseases and parasites that can be transmitted to people which has been documented throughout history, and they can also cause damage to property.
Some of the diseases that can be transmitted by mice and rats include hantavirus, leptospirosis, and salmonellosis. These diseases can cause a range of symptoms, from mild to severe, and can even be life-threatening in some cases.
In addition to the health risks, mice and rats can also cause damage to property by gnawing on wires and other materials. They can also contaminate food and other items with their urine and droppings, which can cause unpleasant odors and attract other pests.
For problems with mice or rats in your home or workplace, it's important to take steps to control the infestation and protect your home and workplace from potential harm. This may include sealing up entry points to prevent rodents from getting in, using traps or other methods to capture or kill them, and practicing good hygiene to reduce the risk of disease transmission.